Windbreaks and visual screen

Slowing the wind, controlling the snow drift and creating a visual barrier can all be done with the correctly designed plantings.

Windbreak Design

In the midwest, to slow the prevailing winds, we plant our windbreaks north and west of the area we are trying to protect, such as buildings, farmsteads or livestock facilities.

For an effective windbreak we like to plant a row of deciduous shrubs on the outside row, followed by two rows of conifer trees on the inside. Plant the inside row no closer than 75 feet away from the area you wish to protect to ensure snow has room to drift on the ground, rather than on the roof of your structure.

The spacing within the row and the space between the row varies by species. To get a general idea, shrubs can be spaced at 5 ft within the row and 15 ft between rows. In addition, for trees, use 20 ft within the row and 25 ft between rows – but again, each tree has unique spacing requirements. Refer to our windbreak catalog for detailed plant spacings.

Windbreak Tree Varieties

Common windbreak trees include:

  • Austree Hybrid Willow
  • Techny Arborvitae
  • Eastern Red Cedar
  • White Pine
  • Black Hills Spruce
  • Colorado Blue Spruce
  • Norway Spruce
  • White Spruce

Common windbreak shrubs include:

  • Aronia, Black Chokeberry
  • Cerry, Nanking
  • Cranberry Highbush
  • Dogwood, Redosier
  • Hazelnut, American (Filbert)
  • Honeysuckle, Common
  • Lilac, Purple
  • Lilac, White
  • Lilac, Villosa
  • Ninebark, Common
  • Plum, American Wild

Windbreaks Around Livestock Facilities

Trees around your livestock facility can have a great impact on your operation.

  • Slowing the cold winter wind
  • Controlling snow drift patterns
  • Improve the way your livestock facility looks
  • Managing odor from manure particulate matter